Knee pain that won’t go away is a common complaint when aging, often due to degenerative conditions such as osteoarthritis. Knee pain may also be the result of a sports injury or work injury.
Experiencing stiffness, swelling, and/or pain in the joint can make it difficult to perform your day-to-day activities.
Martin Orthopedics specializes in treating knee pain and injuries. In fact, we perform over:
KNEE SURGERIES PER YEAR
Our clinic prides itself on paying extra attention to our patients’ needs. We take the time to evaluate your condition and educate you on your best treatment options. Whether your care requires a surgical or non-surgical approach, you’ll be in the best hands!
COMMON KNEE PROBLEMS
Listed below, are the typical problems evaluated by our physicians. Our physicians are experienced in each issue and the staff of Martin Orthopedics is happy to answer questions about your specific symptoms.
Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Tear
The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of the most commonly injured ligaments of the knee. The incidence of ACL injuries is currently estimated at approximately 200,000 annually, with 100,000 ACL reconstructions performed each year. In general, the incidence of ACL injury is higher in people who participate in high-risk sports, such as basketball, football, skiing, and soccer.
Approximately 50 percent of ACL injuries occur in combination with damage to the meniscus, articular cartilage, or other ligaments. Additionally, patients may have bruises of the bone beneath the cartilage surface. These may be seen on a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan and may indicate injury to the overlying articular cartilage.
Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL) Tear
Injuries to the posterior cruciate ligament are not as common as other knee ligament injuries. In fact, they are often subtle and more difficult to evaluate than other ligament injuries in the knee. Many times a posterior cruciate ligament injury occurs along with injuries to other structures in the knee such as cartilage, other ligaments, and bone. Injured ligaments are considered “sprains” and are graded on a severity scale.
Posterior cruciate ligament tears tend to be partial tears with the potential to heal on their own. People who have injured just their posterior cruciate ligaments are usually able to return to sports without knee stability problems.
Menisci tear in different ways. Tears are noted by how they look, as well as where the tear occurs in the meniscus. Common tears include bucket handle, flap, and radial. Sports-related meniscus tears often occur along with other knee injuries, such as anterior cruciate ligament tears.
Sudden meniscus tears often happen during sports. Players may squat and twist the knee, causing a tear. Direct contact, like a tackle, is sometimes involved. Older people are more likely to have degenerative meniscus tears. Cartilage weakens and wears thin over time. Aged, worn tissue is more prone to tears. Just an awkward twist when getting up from a chair may be enough to cause a tear, if the menisci have weakened with age.
The major types of arthritis that affect the knee are osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and posttraumatic arthritis. A knee joint affected by arthritis may be painful and inflamed. Generally, the pain develops gradually over time, although sudden onset is also possible.
There is no cure for arthritis but there are a number of treatments that may help relieve the pain and disability it can cause. As with other arthritic conditions, initial treatment of arthritis of the knee is nonsurgical. Your doctor may recommend a range of treatment options.